- (1885-1973)conductor; director of Berlin's* Kroll Opera. Born of Jewish parentage in Breslau (now Wroclaw), he grew up in Hamburg, where he studied piano. In 1901 he began formal training, first at Frankfurt's Hoch Conservatory and then, during 1902-1905, in Berlin. Engaged at the last moment in 1906, he made his debut at the Neues Theater for Max Reinhardt's* production of Offenbach's Orpheus in the Underworld. On Mah-ler s recommendation he became chorus master in 1907 and later conductor of the German State Theater in Prague. He worked with the Hamburg Opera in 1910-1912 and was chorus master in Barmen and Strassburg (1914-1917). He was music director of the Cologne Opera for seven years and filled the same post in Wiesbaden during 1924-1927. Out of genuine conviction, he converted to Catholicism while in Cologne.Despite a manic-depressive disorder that often strained his relationship with supporters, Klemperer emerged as one of Germany s leading conductors. Be-cause of his sympathy for modern music,* he declined the post of music director at Berlin s conservative Staatsoper in 1923. But when Carl Becker,* Prussia s* Cultural Minister, created a branch of the Staatsoper to perform new and recent works, Klemperer s selection as director was natural. In 1927 he began his celebrated years as music director of the Staatsoper am Platz der Republik, commonly known as the Krolloper. Although he performed such contemporaries as Hindemith,* Stravinsky, and Schoenberg,* his renditions of Mozart operas were famous.By emulating the Republic, the Kroll Opera was soon drawn into the contro-versies that destroyed the regime. Economic problems and pressure from the Right induced the opera s closure in July 1931 after only four seasons. When Klemperer conducted Tannhauser on 13 February 1933 at the Staatsoper,a performance commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of Wagner's death, it was his last appearance in Germany until after World War II. Although he naively believed that racial persecution in Nazi Germany could be ended by baptizing all the Jews,* he emigrated in April 1933 and eventually became conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra.REFERENCES:Heyworth, Otto Klemperer; NDB, vol. 12; New Grove, vol. 10.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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KLEMPERER, OTTO — (1885–1973), conductor and composer. Born in Breslau, Klemperer studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. In 1905 he met mahler , who exercised a decisive influence on his career. On Mahler s recommendation he was appointed chorus master and conductor in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Klemperer, Otto — born May 14, 1885, Breslau, Ger. died July 6, 1973, Zürich, Switz. German conductor. After studying composition with Hans Pfitzner (1869–1949), in 1905 he met Gustav Mahler, who recommended him for several positions, including chief conductor at… … Universalium
Klemperer, Otto — (1885–1973) Musical conductor. Klemperer came to the United States from Germany in 1933 and directed the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and then the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. After World War II he spent several years in Europe working … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Klemperer,Otto — Klem·per·er (klĕmʹpər ər), Otto. 1885 1973. German conductor noted for his interpretations of Beethoven, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. * * * … Universalium
Klemperer, Otto — (1885 1973) German musician. Born in Breslau, he studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. He was chorus master and then conductor at the German theatre in Prague. In 1917 he became music director of the Cologne Opera. Later he led several German opera … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Klemperer, Otto — (14 may. 1885, Breslau, Alemania–6 jul. 1973, Zürich, Suiza). Director de orquesta alemán. Después de estudiar composición con Hans Pfitzner (n. 1869–m. 1949), en 1905 conoció a Gustav Mahler, quien lo recomendó para varios cargos, entre ellos,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Otto Klemperer (physicist) — Otto Ernst Heinrich Klemperer (1899–1987) was a physicist expert in electron optics. He was granted his doctorate by the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin in 1923. His thesis advisor was Hans Geiger. He continued to work with Geiger in the… … Wikipedia
Otto Klemperer — (Breslau, llamada actualmente Wrocław, Polonia, 14 de mayo de 1885 Zúrich, 6 de julio de 1973) fue un director de orquesta alemán. Contenido … Wikipedia Español
KLEMPERER (O.) — KLEMPERER OTTO (1885 1973) Chef d’orchestre allemand considéré comme l’un des ultimes détenteurs des traditions d’interprétation germanique du XXe siècle, Otto Klemperer constitue un maillon essentiel entre Gustav Mahler et Richard Strauss, deux… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Klemperer — (izg. klèmperer), Otto (1885 1973) DEFINICIJA njemački dirigent svjetskoga glasa; poznate su njegove interpretacije simfonija Beethovena, Brucknera i Mahlera … Hrvatski jezični portal